Italian Renaissance painting, XV-XVI centuries
Italian paintings of the 15th and early 16th centuries introduce us to the epoch of evolvement and blossom of the Renaissance. The ideological foundation of the Renaissance culture was Humanism with its revelation of the antique heritage and deep assimilation with it. The art of those times approved the idea of human's high destination. The artists depicted the outworld relying upon scientific achievements. They also developed the basics of linear perspective, studied human anatomy and light effects.
The leading cultural center in the Early Renaissance of the 15th century was Florence. From there came the great Sandro Botticelli who in his late years created the Annunciation that was full of inner glow.
The high notion of a human being took shape in the Portrait of a Young Man like Saint Sebastian by Bolltraffio who was one of Leonardo da Vinci's Milano students.
The Renaissance saw flourishment of the Venetian school. Our Museum owns the works of Jacopo Palma the Elder, Tician, Paris Bordone, Savoldo, Veronese, Jacopo Palma the Junior et al.
The epoch of High Renaissance was replaced by the humanistic culture crisis in the first quarter of the 16th century. The so-called manierism became the main art direction. Its most prominent representatives were Giulio Romano, Bronzino, Camillo Prokachinni, Naldini, Foski.